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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 2: Inflammatory markers (IL-6 and TNF-α) in gastric tissue of Helicobacter pylori and acetic acid-induced ulcerated rats treated with geraniol alone or in combination with clarithromycin. (a) IL-6 levels in gastric mucosa. (b) TNF-α levels in gastric mucosa.$P < 0.05 versus normal control; *P < 0.05 versus ulcer control; ns: Not significant. Ger_30 mg/kg: Geraniol (30 mg/kg, b.i.d.); Combination drugs: geraniol (30 mg/kg) and clarithromycin (25 mg/kg). NC: Normal control; UC: Ulcer control; IL-6: Interleukin-6; TNF-α: Tumor necrosis factor-α

Figure 2: Inflammatory markers (IL-6 and TNF-α) in gastric tissue of <i>Helicobacter pylori</i> and acetic acid-induced ulcerated rats treated with geraniol alone or in combination with clarithromycin. (a) IL-6 levels in gastric mucosa. (b) TNF-α levels in gastric mucosa.<sup>$</sup><i>P</i> < 0.05 versus normal control; *<i>P</i> < 0.05 versus ulcer control; ns: Not significant. Ger_30 mg/kg: Geraniol (30 mg/kg, b.i.d.); Combination drugs: geraniol (30 mg/kg) and clarithromycin (25 mg/kg). NC: Normal control; UC: Ulcer control; IL-6: Interleukin-6; TNF-α: Tumor necrosis factor-α