Pharmacognosy Research

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 61--65

Isolation and Characterization of Chemopreventive agent from Sphaeranthus amaranthoides Burm F


S Gayatri1, R Suresh2, C Uma Maheswara Reddy1, K Chitra1 
1 Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai, India
2 Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Greensmed Labs, Thuraipakkam, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. S Gayatri
Faculty of Pharmacy, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai - 600 116, Tamil Nadu
India

Objective: To investigate the in vitro cytotoxic effect and to isolate and characterize a chemopreventive secondary metabolite from Sphaeranthus amaranthoides Burm F (sivakaranthai). Materials and Methods: In vitro cytotoxic effect was carried out by 3 (4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl) 2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. Different concentrations of the extracts were tested on three different cell lines namely A549, HT29, and MCF7. The chloroform extract was subjected to column chromatography, and the isolated compound was characterized by various spectral methods and by single crystal X-ray crystallography. Results: The concentration that cause 50% growth inhibition value of chloroform extract was found to be 0.9 and 19 μg/mL against MCF7 and A549 cell lines, respectively. Chloroform extract was subjected to column chromatography for the isolation of phytoconstituent. The structure of the isolated compound was identified by spectroscopic techniques such as infrared, nuclear magnetic resonance, XRD, and mass spectroscopy. On comparison of complete spectral detail of the compound, the proposed structure was identified as chrysosplenol D (a flavonoid). Chrysosplenol D was isolated for the first time from this plant. Conclusion: The chloroform extract had higher cytotoxic effect, and the isolated chrysosplenol D may be responsible for the anti-proliferative effect of the plant.


How to cite this article:
Gayatri S, Suresh R, Reddy C U, Chitra K. Isolation and Characterization of Chemopreventive agent from Sphaeranthus amaranthoides Burm F.Phcog Res 2016;8:61-65


How to cite this URL:
Gayatri S, Suresh R, Reddy C U, Chitra K. Isolation and Characterization of Chemopreventive agent from Sphaeranthus amaranthoides Burm F. Phcog Res [serial online] 2016 [cited 2021 Jun 14 ];8:61-65
Available from: http://www.phcogres.com/article.asp?issn=0974-8490;year=2016;volume=8;issue=1;spage=61;epage=65;aulast=Gayatri;type=0