Pharmacognosy Research

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 47--51

Evaluation of anxiolytic activity of aqueous extract of Coriandrum sativum Linn. in mice: A preliminary experimental study


K Latha1, B Rammohan1, B. P. V. Sunanda1, MS Uma Maheswari1, Surapaneni Krishna Mohan2 
1 Department of Pharmacology, Karpagam Faculty of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Biochemistry, Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Saveetha University, Thandalam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Surapaneni Krishna Mohan
Department of Biochemistry, Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Saveetha University, Saveetha Nagar, Thandalam, Chennai - 602 105, Tamil Nadu
India

Objectives: To evaluate the anxiolytic effect of Coriandrum sativum (CS) aqueous extract in mice. To compare the antianxiety activity of CS against standard drug diazepam (3 mg/kg). Materials and Methods: After obtaining Institutional Animal Ethics Committee approval, Swiss albino mice (18-25 g) of either sex were randomly divided into five groups of six animals each. Dried powder of CS leaves was boiled with distilled water, cooled, filtered, placed on a hotplate for complete evaporation, finally weighed and stored. The control group, test group, and standard drugs group received saline, CS extract (50, 100, and 200 mg/kg), diazepam (3 mg/kg), respectively, by oral feeding. The antianxiety effect was assessed by elevated plus maze (EPM) in mice. Results: In EPM, it implied that CS 50 mg/kg (Group III), 100 mg/kg (Group IV), and 200 mg/kg (Group V) significantly (P < 0.001) increases the number of entries in open arms compared to control. The time spent in open arms also increased in all the doses of CS extract significantly. Conclusion: The current study demonstrates statistically significant dose-dependent antianxiety activity of CS leaves.


How to cite this article:
Latha K, Rammohan B, Sunanda B, Uma Maheswari M S, Mohan SK. Evaluation of anxiolytic activity of aqueous extract of Coriandrum sativum Linn. in mice: A preliminary experimental study.Phcog Res 2015;7:47-51


How to cite this URL:
Latha K, Rammohan B, Sunanda B, Uma Maheswari M S, Mohan SK. Evaluation of anxiolytic activity of aqueous extract of Coriandrum sativum Linn. in mice: A preliminary experimental study. Phcog Res [serial online] 2015 [cited 2021 Apr 14 ];7:47-51
Available from: http://www.phcogres.com/article.asp?issn=0974-8490;year=2015;volume=7;issue=5;spage=47;epage=51;aulast=Latha;type=0