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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 313-321

Determination of flavan-3-ols by high-performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array, antioxidant potential, antimicrobial activity, and pharmacognostic evaluation of Maytenus obtusifolia (Mart.) leaves

1 Pharmaceuticals and Medicines Research Institute, Federal University of Paraiba, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil
2 Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Paraiba, João Pessoa, PB, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Marcelo Sobral da Silva
Pharmaceuticals and Medicines Research Institute, Federal University of Paraiba, João Pessoa, PB
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/pr.pr_9_20

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Background: Maytenus obtusifolia Mart. (Syn. Monteverdia obtusifolia Mart. Biral), Celastraceae, is a species located on the coast of Brazil, which is commonly used as anti-inflammatory and on the treatment of gastric ulcers. Objectives: The aim of this study consists of the determination of quality control parameters of the plant material, as well as to develop, validate high-performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array methodology for the quantification of its analytical markers and evaluate the antioxidant potential and antimicrobial activity of the extract. Materials and Methods: The plant material and ethanolic crude extract (ECE) were evaluated through pharmacopoeial and non-pharmacopoeial methods. Anti-oxidant assay was assessed using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method. Minimum inhibitory concentration was used to evaluate antimicrobial activity assay. Results: The assays have provided the following results: granulometry (d50 0.82 mm), moisture content (6.41%–9.03%), pH of aqueous solution (5.41), apparent bulk density (0.41 mg/mL), heavy metals (<10 ppm), total ash (5.20%), and sulfated ash content (6.36%). Total flavonoid (2.14%; 6.24%), tannin (6.51%; 17.85%), and phenolic content (41.95; 134.76 mg AG/g) regarding leaves powder and its ECE, respectively. The validated method was specific, linear, precise, accurate, and robust. The content of (-)-Epigallocatechin, (+)-Catechin and (-)-Epicatechin on the ECE was 1.00%, 0.40%, and 0.33%, respectively. The anti-oxidant activity was evaluated by DPPH assay and have presented an IC50at 18.01 μg/mL. In addition, the most important antimicrobial activity of the ECE was against Aspergillus flavus (MIC at 128 μg/mL). Conclusion: These data have demonstrated to be very useful toward the analysis and pharmacognostic quality control of M. obtusifolia Mart.

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