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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 278-284

Effect of carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic injury on Luffa acutangula (var.) amara

1 Department of Pharmacology, C. L. Baid Metha College of Pharmacy, Puducherry, India
2 Department of Pharmacology, JIPMER Karaikal, Puducherry, India
3 Department of Pharmacology, Captain Srinivasa Murthy Regional Ayurveda Drug Development Institute, Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Department of Pharmacology, Sri Ramachandra College of Pharmacy, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. R Ilavarasan
Captain Srinivasa Murthy Regional Ayurveda Drug Development Institute, Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences, Ministry of AYUSH, GOI, Arignar Anna Government Hospital Campus, Arumbakkam, Chennai - 600 106, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/pr.pr_113_19

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Objectives: To study the reversal effect of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatic injury on the ethyl acetate and ethanol extracts of Luffa acutangula var. amara in Wistar rats. Materials and Methods: The study included experimental mice groups in which pentobarbital-induced sleeping time and its prolongation by CCl4is assessed by righting reflex and recovery time. Chronic liver injury was induced by oral administration of CCl4and acute injury by a single intraperitoneal injection in experimental Wistar rats. Blood and liver specimens were used for analysis of enzymatic reactions. Results: It was noted that the mice groups treated with extracts decrease the sleeping time in and standard silymarin than the control group. Acute and chronic liver injury models showed increases in total protein and glutathione peroxidase, whereas there was a reduction in total bilirubin and serum alkaline phosphate level in extracts and standard silymarin-treated rats than control. Histopathological studies showed a significant reduction in inflammation, fatty change and gross necrosis in extracts and standard silymarin-treated animals than control. Conclusion: The study suggests that extracts of L. acutangula var. amara can be useful in treating acute and chronic hepatic injury.

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