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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 408-413

Identification and characterization of Memecylon species using isozyme profiling

1 Department of Studies in Biotechnology, University of Mysore, Mysore, India
2 Institution of Excellence, Vijnana Bhavana, University of Mysore, Mysore, India
3 Vice Chancellor, Gulbarga University, Kalaburagi, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
H S Prakash
Department of Studies in Biotechnology, University of Mysore, Mysore - 570 006, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-8490.218499

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Background: The protein/isozyme fingerprint is useful in differentiating the species and acts as a biochemical marker for identification and systematic studies of medicinal plant species. Objective: In the present study, protein and isozyme profiles for peroxidase, esterase, acid phosphatase, polyphenol oxidase, alcohol dehydrogenase, and alkaline phosphatase of five species of Memecylon (Melastomataceae), Memecylon umbellatum, Memecylon edule, Memecylon talbotianum, Memecylon malabaricum, and Memecylon wightii were investigated. Materials and Methods: Fresh leaves were used to prepare crude enzyme extract for analyzing the five enzymes isozyme variations. Separation of isozymes was carried out using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and the banding patterns of protein were scored. Pair-wise comparisons of genotypes, based on the presence or absence of unique and shared polymorphic products, were used to regenerate similarity coefficients. The similarity coefficients were then used to construct dendrograms, using the unweighted pair group method with arithmetic averages. Results: A total of 50 bands with various Rf values and molecular weight were obtained through PAGE analysis. Among the five Memecylon species, more number of bands was produced in M. wightii and less number of bands was observed in M. edule. The results of similarity indices grouped M. malabaricum and M. wightii in one cluster with 98% similarity and M. umbellatum, M. edule, and M. talbotianum are grouped in another cluster with 79% similarity showing close genetic similarities which is in accordance with the morphological identification of Memecylon species. Conclusion: The protein/isozyme fingerprint is useful in differentiating the species and acts as a biochemical marker for identification of Memecylon species. Abbreviations Used: SDS-PAGE: Sodium docecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis; NTSYS PC2: Numerical taxonomy system, version 2.2 for Windows XP, Vista, Win7, Win 8 and Win10 including 64 bit

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