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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 401-407

Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal plants in Albaha Region, Saudi Arabia

1 Department of Pharmacognosy, College of Clinical Pharmacy, Albaha University, KSA
2 Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Albaha University, Baljurashi, Albaha, KSA
3 Department of Arabic Language, Faculty of Science and Arts, Albaha University, Baljurashi, Albaha, KSA
4 Department of Medicinal Chemistry – Pharmacology and Toxicology Unit, College of Clinical Pharmacy, Albaha University, KSA
5 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Clinical Pharmacy, Albaha University, KSA
6 Biology, Faculty of Science and Arts, Albaha University, Baljurashi, Albaha, KSA; Agricultural Research and Extension Authority, Taiz, Yemen

Correspondence Address:
Nasser A Awadh Ali
Department of Pharmacognosy, College of Clinical Pharmacy, Al Baha University, Al Bahah
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/pr.pr_11_17

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Background: Local natural medicinal resource knowledge is important to define and elaborate usage of herbs, in systematic and organized manner. Until recently, there has been little scientifically written document regarding the traditional uses of medicinal plants in Al Bahah region. Objective: This pilot study aims to collect the ethnobotanical information from native populations regarding the benefits of medicinal plants of Al Bahah region, and determine if the traditional usage is scientifically established (proved) from literature. Materials and Methods: The survey collected data for 39 plant species recorded by informants for their medicinal benefits. The recorded species were distributed among 28 plant families. Leguminosae and Euphorbiaceae were represented each by 3 species, followed by Asteraceae (2 species), Lamiaceae (2 species), Apocynaceae (2 species), and Solanaceae (2 species). All the medicinal plants were reported in their local names. Analysis of ethnopharmacological data was done to obtain percentage of plant families, species, parts of plants used, mode of administration, and preparation types. Results: Total 43 informants were interviewed, maximum number of species were used to cure skin diseases including burns (3), wounds (7), warts (1), Leishmania (7), topical hemostatic (2), followed by gastrointestinal system, rheumatism, respiratory tract problems, diabetes mellitus, anti-snake venom, malaria, and eye inflammation. Conclusions: The study covered Al Bahah city and its outskirts. Ten new ethnobotanical uses were recorded such as antirheumatic and anti-vitiligo uses for Clematis hirsute, leishmaniasis use of Commiphora gileadensis, antigout of Juniperus procera, removing warts for Ficus palmata. Abbreviations Used: UI: Use Index, GI: Gastrointestinal tract, RD: Rheumatic disease, CVS: Cardiovascular diseases, UTI: Urinary tract infection, DM: Diabetes mellitus, RT: Respiratory infection, KSA: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

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