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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 257-259

Constituents of Artemisia indica Willd. from Uttarakhand Himalaya: A source of davanone

1 Centre for Aromatic Plants, Selaqui, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
2 Department of Chemistry, D.A.V. (PG) College, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
3 School of Environmental Science and Natural Resources, Doon University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Harish Chandra Andola
School of Environmental Science and Natural Resources, Doon University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand - 248 012
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-8490.132607

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Background: The genus Artemisia is important due to its medicinal properties as well as vital aroma compounds of commercial value. Objective: The aim of the study was to explore the potential of the essential oil of Artemisia indica wildly growing in Uttarakhand. Materials and Methods: The aerial parts of Artemisia indica Willd. (Asteraceae), collected from wild growing habitat of Garhwal Himalaya, Uttarakhand (north of India) at full flowering stage were hydro-distilled and gave pale yellow oil with the yield of 0.8% (v/w). The obtained essential oil was analyzed by GC and GC-MS and identified 32 components, amounting 95.42% of the oil. Results: Among detected compounds, the principal component was found to be davanone (30.80%), followed by β-pinene (15.30%) and germacrene-D (5.82%). Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on A. indica from Himalayan region of India, which detected davanone as major component. The species, collected from a specific location, can be explored for isolation of davanone for its industrial utilization and as alternate source of Artemisia pallens, which have already established commercial value.

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