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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 15-18

Cardiac glycosides from shoot cultures of Cryptostegia grandiflora

Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Assiut University, Assiut 71526, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ahmed M. A Abd El-Mawla
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Assiut University, Assiut 71526
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-8490.60583

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Cardiac glycosides in shoot cultures of Cryptostegia grandiflora were identified when grown in modified MS medium. The change in shoot segments and cardiac glycosides content was followed between day zero and day 12 at 2-day intervals. The content of cardiac glycosides in leaves and shoot cultures of Cryptostegia grandiflora was monitored by HPLC. Two major compounds were detected and isolated from shoot cultures extract, named oleandrigenin 3-O-β-glucopyranosyl-(14)-β-cymaropyranosyl-(14)-β-digitoxopyranoside (cryptostigmin I) and oleandrigenin 3-O-β-glucopyranosyl-(14)-α-rhamnopyranoside (cryptostigmin II). The structures of the isolated compounds were verified by means of MS and NMR spectral analysis, as well as by comparison with authentic samples. The leaves and shoot cultures were analyzed for their cardiac glycosides content. The shoot cultures inoculated into MS-based culture media supplemented with 0.1 mg L-1 BA, 30 g L-1 sucrose, 0.1 g L-1 myo-inositol and 0.1 g L-1 ascorbic acid were found to contain a quantity of cardiac glycosides that was about four fold the cardiac glycosides content of leaves extract.

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