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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 12-18

Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used for the treatment of malaria in the plateau region, Togo


1 Centre de recherche et de Formation sur les Plantes Médicinales, Université de Lomé, Togo
2 Centre de recherche et de Formation sur les Plantes Médicinales, Université de Lomé, Togo; Centre de Recherche Biomoléculaire Pietro Annigoni, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
3 Centre de Recherche Biomoléculaire Pietro Annigoni, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Correspondence Address:
Simplice D Karou
Ecole Superieure des Techniques Biologiques et Alimentaires, Universite de Lome, BP 1515, Lome

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-8490.178646

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Background: In Togo, malaria constitutes a major public health problem but, until now, the population still mostly relies on herbal medicine for healing. This study aimed to document medicinal plants used for malaria therapy in the Plateau region of the country. Methodology: Semi-structured questionnaire interviews were used to gather ethnobotanical and sociodemographic data from traditional healers of the study area. Results: A total of 61 plants species belonging to 33 families were found to be in use for malaria therapy in the Plateau region. Caesalpiniaceae were the most represented family with 7 species, followed by Euphorbiaceae and Poaceae with 4 species each. According to the relative frequency of citation (RFC), Newbouldia laevis Seem. (RFC =0.52), Sarcocephalus latifolius (Sm.) E.A. Bruce (RFC =0.48), Acanthospermum hispidum DC. (RFC =0.43), and Senna siamea (Lam.) H.S. Irwin and Barneby (RFC =0.40) were the most cited in the treatment of malaria in the traditional medicine in the Plateau region. The parts of plants used could either be the barks, roots, leaves, or whole plants. The recipes also could be a combination of various species of plants or plant parts. Conclusion: This study highlights the potential sources for the development of new antimalarial drugs from indigenous medicinal plants found in the Plateau region of Togo. Such results could be a starting point for in vitro antimalarial screenings.


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